ID021759 - dictionaryEN : ENCYCLOPEDIA of CAODAISM - B 🖶 Print this dictionaryEN
Tác Giả : Lê Kim Liên - Từ Chơn

  • Ba chi (Ba nhánh, Ba phái)

    Ba chi (Ba nhánh, Ba phái)

    Three branches, three departments, three divisions or three sects- the same as ba nhánh or ba phái. 

    ■ All dignitaries of Cửu Trùng Đài (the Nine-Level Tower) are assigned to one of the three branches: 

     The Branch of Ngọc, also Nho or Thánh (the Branch of Confucianism). The dignitaries wear red vestments and add Ngọc to their religious names. For example, a person named John will have the religious name: Ngọc John Thanh. 

    The Branch of Thượng, also Lão or Tiên (the Branch of Taoism):The dignitaries wear azure vestments and add Thượng to their religious names. For example, Thượng John Thanh. 

    The Branch of Thái, also Thích or Phật (the Branch of Buddhism): The dignitaries wear yellow vestments and add Thái to their religious names. For example, Thái John Thanh. 

    According to The Religious Constitution of Caodaism, all dignitaries of the same ranks have equal responsibilities and power. Before 1975, all dignitaries of Bàn Trị Sự (Caodai Local Administration), who were ordained as Lễ Sanh (Rite Student), were assigned to a specific branch. The new dignitary will keep his/her branch for life. 

    ■ All Thập Nhị Thời Quân (The Twelve Time Superiors) of Hiệp Thiên Đài (Communion Tower) are assigned to one of the three departments: 

    The Department of Pháp (Law): led by Hộ Pháp with four assistants: Bảo Pháp, Hiến Pháp, Khai Pháp, Tiếp Pháp. 

    The Department of Ðạo (Religion): led by Thượng Phẩm with four assistants: Bảo Ðạo, Hiến Ðạo, Khai Ðạo, Tiếp Ðạo. 

    The Department of Thế (Worldliness) : led by Thượng Sanh with four assistants: Bảo Thế, Hiến Thế, Khai Thế, Tiếp Thế.   

  • Ba giềng (Ba mối)

    Ba giềng (Ba mối)

    Three social relations ( the same as Tam Cang or Tam Cương) 

    Note: Ba giềng, ba mối, tam cang or tam cương are three social relations, according to Confucianism: The relations between ruler and ruled, between father and child and between husband and wife. 

    Kinh Sám Hối: 
    Trai trung hiếu sửa trau ba mối. 
    Ba giềng nắm chặt, năm hằng chớ lơi. 

    Remorse Prayer: 
    To be morally good, young men have to respect the Three Relations. 
    Try not to forget the Three Relations or The Five Constants.  
  • Ba mươi sáu cõi Thiên Tào

    Ba mươi sáu cõi Thiên Tào

    Thirty six Levels of Heaven. 

    Kinh Khi Đã Chết Rồi: 
    Ba mươi sáu cõi Thiên Tào, 
    Nhập trong Bát Quái mới vào Ngọc Hư. 

    Prayer for the Newly Dead: 
    After passing the thirty six Levels of Heaven. 
    A spirit will enter Bát Quái, then Ngọc Hư.   
  • Ba sanh (Ba sinh)

    Ba sanh (Ba sinh)

    Three lives. 

    Note: Usually used as Nợ ba sinh, meaning the love tie between a couple, which will last three lives. Legend has it that a person will reincarnate even three times in order to get married to the one he/she loved. 

    Kinh Hôn Phối: 
    Đường tổ nghiệp nữ nam hương lửa, 
    Đốt cho nồng từ bữa ba sanh.
    Giữa đền để một tấc thành,
    Đồng sanh, đồng tịch đã đành nương nhau.

    Prayers for Marriage : 
    From now on you're husband and wife.
    May you love each other for life!   
    We are here in this solemn rite
    To wish you all happiness and long life. 
  • Ba Trấn or Tam Trấn

    Ba Trấn or Tam Trấn

    The Three Heavenly Governors. Other names for Tam Trấn Oai Nghiêm, the Three Heavenly Governors in Cao Đài, who handle what is related to the three religions ( Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism) on behalf of the founders in the Third Amnesty. 

    Thánh Ngôn Hiệp Tuyển: 
    Thầy chẳng để thử thất, Ba Trấn trách Thầy vì yêu mến quá lẽ mà làm mất hết công bình, nhứt là Lý Thái Bạch kêu nài hơn hết. 

    The Collection of Divine Messages: 
    Because of My love, I (God) refused to let you disciples be lured by earthly desires, so the Three Heavenly Governors complained that was unfair, especially Lý Thái Bạch. 


    Lý Thái Bạch or Poet Li Bai, one of the Three Heavenly Governors also the Caodaist Supreme Leader.

  • Ba vạn sáu ngàn ngày

    Ba vạn sáu ngàn ngày

    Thirty six thousand days (i.e. 100 years or a human life) 

    Kinh Khi Thức Dậy: 
    Đây tới sáng xôn xao với thế, 
    Nhẫng đua chen kiếm kế sanh nhai.
    Có thân giữa chốn đọa đày, 
    Đếm ba vạn sáu ngàn ngày khó khăn.

    Prayers after Waking Up: 
    During the day I am busy working.
    For the means of livelihood I'm always struggling.
    In the unhappy world, I have to try
    To meet my responsibility for my entire life.
  • Ba vòng Vô vi

    Ba vòng Vô vi

    disOneRight ID000124.png Ba vòng Vô vi

    Three circles of Vô Vi (non-action) 

    The three yellow, azure and red circles which are connected in the shape of a triangle or a horizontal line. These three colors symbolize Buddhism, Taoism and Confucianism respectively. 

    Sermons of His Holiness Hộ Pháp: 

    Trí Huệ Cung is the Third Great Way, which is Vô Vi Chi Pháp (Non-action strategy). Therefore, the three material circles of yellow, azure, red are created to represent it. They seem empty, but, in fact, is bí pháp (esotericism). Their horizontal position refers to justice. Buddhism, Taoism and Confucianism interact mutually without any distinctions.

    The only important thing now is a complete union, which is also a magical secret. White is the master color, so to practice esotericism you have to turn to Buddhism, which is the non-action strategy, avoiding sound and appearance. You have to concentrate on Thiên Lương (Holy Sense) to unite with the One. That is the foundation for you to gain the state of enlightenment. That is the true path. God is Lý, so Lý is brilliant enough to cover the cosmos.

    Understanding Lý Hư Vô, you then achieve the ultimate religious goal, look through your mind with your naked eyes, get your Divine Eye and then see the three circles of Vô Vi. That is esotericism, which guards Trí Huệ Cung Thiên Hỷ Động. Everyone looks at this and sees nothing. Yet it is the superb magic. Whether you are liberated or not depends on this single power.

    If you practice esotericism without a knowledge of these three circles, you cannot get away from the six earthly desires and the seven feelings nor achieve the six magical powers. That is false practice!"

  • Bà Ðen (Linh Sơn Thánh Mẫu)

    Bà Ðen (Linh Sơn Thánh Mẫu)

    disOneRight ID000125.jpg Linh Sơn Thánh Mẫu


    In Tây Ninh, Việt Nam, rises the highest mount in the South of the country called Mount Điện Bà or Mount Bà Đen, so called because there is a temple to worship Bà Đen (Lady Đen). Bà Đen was officially deified as Linh Sơn Thánh Mẫu by King Gia Long. In late 1953, Mr. Bùi Trung Phẩm made a request for Bà Đen's bronze statue to be temporarily relocated in Báo Ân Từ in Tây Ninh Temple.

    His Holiness Hộ Pháp approved and made a comment: "I approved this to return Her favor. When I was imprisoned in a French jail, She came to visit, console and support me."

    When His Holiness Hộ Pháp, together with five other dignitaries, was forced into exile in Madagascar by the French government, Linh Sơn Thánh Mẫu frequently communicated with Him by psychography (automatic writing). She did not say who She was, but simply said Her Master, Thất Nương (the Seventh Female Buddha), told Her to visit His Holiness Hộ Pháp.

    However, after the talk, the gemstone in His ring, which was found on Mount Bà Đen by Lễ Sanh Võ văn Đợi, and then offered up to His Holiness Hộ Pháp, flashed several times. Thanks to this signal He knew that Linh Sơn Thánh Mẫu had come.

    One of the poems Bà Đen wrote (through automatic writing), which precisely predicted the French government in Việt Nam would be overthrown by the Japanese later, is: 

    Hòn đảo nầy đây trước nhốt tù, 
    Ngày nay làm khám khảo thầy tu. 
    Quả như oan nghiệt vay rồi trả, 
    Thì lũ Tây man Nhựt Bổn trừ. 

    This island used to imprison criminals, 
    But now it challenges honest people. 
    If it's true that there are karmic principles , 
    Then the Japanese will kill the barbaric French all.
  • 1. 

    Chinese: 百 also  Bách

    A hundred.  


    Chinese: 柏

    An evergreen forest tree with leaves like needles. 


    Chinese:  伯 

    A nobleman of high rank, similar to an Earl in Britain.   

    Bá Huê Viên 

    Chinese: 百花園

    The name of a garden near Caodaist Tây Ninh Temple. 

    Note: This garden, initiated by Bảo Thế Lê Thiện Phước in 1963, is located opposite Báo Ân Từ (the Appreciation Temple). Precious flowers of all kinds were contributed and planted there. 

  • Bá nạp quang

    Bá nạp quang

    Chinese: 百衲光 

    A vestment made out of hundreds of sewed scrap patches and usually worn by a Buddhist monk. This way of dressing demonstrates monks have to be as thrifty as possible. Caodai's dignitaries in Phái Thái (the Branch of Buddhism), whose ranks are Giáo Sư (Religious Teacher) and above, also wear this vestment in red called "khậu". 

  • Bá Nha & Tử Kỳ

    Bá Nha & Tử Kỳ

    The two best friends during the Warring States period in China. Bá Nha was a mandarin and Tử Kỳ was a lumberjack. Despite his lower social status, Tử Kỳ was extremely knowledgeable about music. Bá Nha played Dao Cầm (a musical instrument). Legend has it that when Bá Nha played music, only Tử Kỳ understood it.

    Therefore, after Tử Kỳ's death, Bá Nha broke his musical instrument and swore he would stop playing music for good. The legendary friends now are used as an example of precious friendship.  

  • Bá thiên vạn ức Phật

    Bá thiên vạn ức Phật

    Chinese: 百千萬億佛 

    Countless Buddhas. (Also hằng hà sa số Phật.)

    Kinh Cứu Khổ: 
    Nam mô cứu khổ, cứu nạn Quan Thế Âm Bồ Tát, bá thiên vạn ức Phật, hằng hà sa số Phật, vô lượng công đức Phật.

    Prayer for Salvation: 
    I pray to the savior, Avalokistesvara Boddhisattva, countless Buddhas and ultimately righteous Buddha.
  • Bá tòng

    Bá tòng

    Chinese: 柏松 

    The pine tree.

    This kind of tree is evergreen and everlasting. They are planted around pagodas, so they symbolize the place suitable for religion practice. 

    Thánh Ngôn Hiệp Tuyển: 
    Ðường về chớ nệ bước non sông,
    Lần đến tìm nơi cảnh bá tòng.

    The Collection of Divine Messages: 
    Please do not mind traveling farther,
    And looking for a quiet place like pagoda.
  • Bá trạo

    Bá trạo

    Chinese: 柏櫂 

    A person who rows a boat, a rower.

    In a Caodai funeral rite, the coffin is carried on thuyền Bát Nhã (the Prana Boat) rowed by 12 teen rowers called bá trạo.  

  • Bá tước công khanh

    Bá tước công khanh

    Chinese: 伯爵公卿 

    Government officials of high rank in the past, in general.

    Thánh Ngôn Hiệp Tuyển: 
    Bá tước công khanh ý vị gì,
    Mà đời dám đổi kiếp sầu bi?

    The Collection of Divine Messages: 
    How meaningless high ranks are nobody knows.
    Yet they are willing to sacrifice their life for.
  • Bả bươn (bươn bả)

    Bả bươn (bươn bả)

    Rush, hurry.

    Thánh Ngôn Hiệp Tuyển: 
    Ðạo Trời khai dẫn bước lỗi lầm, đem kẻ hữu căn lánh vòng phiền não. Nếu chẳng bả bươn, nhặt thúc bóng thiều, kiếp phù sinh qua dường nháy mắt.

    The Collection of Divine Messages: 
    God came with a new religion to save sinners. If humans do not hurry up, it is too late because life is short.
  • Bả vinh hoa

    Bả vinh hoa

    Material temptation. 

    Thánh Ngôn Hiệp Tuyển: 
    Mùi chung đỉnh, bả vinh hoa có khác chi ngọn cỏ phơi sương, vừng mây giữa gió.

    The Collection of Divine Messages: 
    Material comforts, like the morning dew on grass or a thin cloud in a gust, are never long lasting. 
  • Bác ái

    Bác ái

    Chinese: 博愛 

    Charity, philanthropy, universal love, humanity.

    Thánh Ngôn Hiệp Tuyển: 
    Bác ái là hay thương xót sanh linh hơn mình, cho nên, kẻ có lòng bác ái coi mình nhẹ hơn mảy lông mà coi thiên hạ nặng bằng Trời Ðất.

    The Collection of Divine Messages: 
    Humanity means loving others more than yourself, so a humanitarian always thinks of others first.
  • Bác luật & Phá cổ

    Bác luật & Phá cổ

    Chinese: 駁律 & 破罟 

    To reject, nullify or invalidate the outdated law.

    Chú Giải Pháp Chánh Truyền: 
    Chính Thầy đã giáng cơ nói: "Ngọc Hư Cung bác luật, Lôi Âm Tự phá cổ." Ấy vậy, cựu luật thì Ngọc Hư Cung đã biếm bác, còn cổ pháp thì Lôi Âm Tự đã phá tiêu. Vậy thì ngày nay, cựu luật và cổ pháp chẳng còn ý vị chi hết. Những bực tu hành mà tưởng lầm phải tùng cựu luật hay cổ pháp thì trái hẳn với Thiên điều của Ðại Ðạo Tam Kỳ Phổ Ðộ thể Thiên hành chánh.

    The Interpretation of the Religious Constitution of Caodaism: 
    God Himself mentioned that Ngọc Hư Cung and Lôi Âm Tự had rejected the outdated law. Therefore, the old law is now ineffective. The priests, who thought it was imperative to observe the old law, are against Thiên Điều (Heavenly Codes) of Đại Đạo Tam Kỳ Phổ Độ (The Great Religion for The Third Amnesty). 
  • Bạc đãi

    Bạc đãi

    Chinese: 薄待 

    Ill-treat, mistreat or maltreat. 

    Thánh Ngôn Hiệp Tuyển: 
    Mỗi phen Thầy đau thảm khóc lóc các con, phải lén hạ trần, quyết bỏ ngôi Chí Tôn xuống lập Ðạo, lại bị các con bạc đãi, biếm nhẻ, xua đuổi bắt buộc đến đỗi phải chịu cho các con giết chết? Ôi! Thảm thay! Thảm thay

    The Collection of Divine Messages: 
    Whenever I (God) was so worried about you that I gave up my throne, coming to the world to save you, I was mistreated, criticized, driven away and even killed. Alas! How sorrowful!
  • Bách niên giai lão

    Bách niên giai lão

    Chinese: 百年皆老 

    To live to be 100.

    This phrase is usually used to wish the newly wed couple a happy marriage.

  • Bách tuế vi kỳ

    Bách tuế vi kỳ

    Chinese: 百歲為期 

    A hundred years is the limit of human life.    

  • Bách văn bất như nhất kiến

    Bách văn bất như nhất kiến

    Chinese: 百聞不如一見 

    It is better to meet someone in person than to hear about him. 

  • Bách xuyên quy hải

    Bách xuyên quy hải

    Chinese: 百川歸海 

    All rivers flow into the ocean. (i.e. all roads lead to Rome.) 

  • Bạch câu quá khích

    Bạch câu quá khích

    Chinese: 白駒過隙 

    The white horse that passes the door (i.e. Time flies). 

    Thánh Ngôn Hiệp Tuyển: 
    Mộng ảo trò đời đâu mấy chốc,
    Ngựa qua cửa sổ cuộc tan tành. 

    The Collection of Divine Messages:
    Life resembles a short illusive nightmare. 
    Time flies and everything will soon vanish into thin air.
  • Bạch Khỉ (Bạch Khởi)

    Bạch Khỉ (Bạch Khởi)

    Chinese: 白起 

    A famous general in ancient China, Bạch Khỉ, also Bạch Khởi, won a lot of victories, but carried out many massacres. It is told that he committed suicide at last as a result of his brutal bloody actions.  

    Thánh Ngôn Hiệp Tuyển: 
    Chia đôi lỡ ở, lỡ khi về,
    Cách trở một mình biết mấy quê! 
    Thạnh bỏ, suy đương lao khổ phận, 
    Cũng như Bạch Khỉ đến hôn mê.

    The Collection of Divine Messages: 
    If you are still too confused to know
    Whether you should stay or go,
    Just remember one important thing:
    No winners are everlasting.
  • Bạch Ngọc Chung đài

    Bạch Ngọc Chung đài

    disOneRight ID000146.jpg Bạch Ngọc Chung đài

    Chinese: 白玉鐘臺 

    The Tower of the White Jewel Bell. 

    The two towers that form the facade of the Caodai Temple in Tây Ninh are Bạch Ngọc Chung Đài (The Tower of the White Jewel Bell) and Lôi Âm Cổ Đài (The Tower of the Thunder Drum)   

  • Bạch Ngọc Chung minh

    Bạch Ngọc Chung minh

    Chinese: 白玉鐘鳴 

    Hitting the White Jewel Bell.

    The rite announcer sings out this phrase to signal someone to hit the White Jewel Bell in a ceremony at Caodai Temples. Then, the bell hitter performs a complicated procedure to produce a total of 454 sounds. It is believed that these sounds not only mark the beginning of a ceremony but also have a greatly magical power to save the sinners in Hell.  

  • Bạch Ngọc Công Ðồng

    Bạch Ngọc Công Ðồng

    Chinese: 白玉公同 

    A congress held in Bạch Ngọc Kinh (the White Jade City), where angels, saints, immortals, and buddhas discuss the way to govern the universe.

    Kinh Đưa Linh Cửu: 
    Nam mô Bạch Ngọc Công Đồng, 
    Thần tiên thánh phật mở vòng trái oan.

    Prayer for Coffin Transport: 
    I pray to The Congress in the White Jade City
    Eradicate the cycle of transmigration, please, deities!
  • Bạch Ngọc Kinh

    Bạch Ngọc Kinh

    Chinese: 白玉京 

    The White Jade City.

    This is believed to be the capital of the universe, where Đức Chí Tôn (King of Heaven or God) reigns. All spirits achieving the religious goal are supposed to come there to see God.

    It is said that Caodaist Temple, designed by Lý Giáo Tông and built by Hộ Pháp, was modeled after Bạch Ngọc Kinh. This Temple is considered another Bạch Ngọc Kinh on earth.

    His Holiness Hộ Pháp's Sermon:

    "Coming near, I saw an exotic, yet gorgeous heavenly castle, whose color is continuously varied. Covered by a Thoại Khí (an amazing atmosphere), it seemed extremely active. Unlike the immobile concrete buildings on earth, it was alive, always changing its color. It was too fantastic to describe!

    Earthly houses are completely motionless while Bạch Ngọc Kinh was a changeable living creature. It was surrounded by a sun-like atmosphere, which, unlike the blazing hot sun, was so magically mild and pleasant.

    Why it was alive can be understood easily though. Bạch Ngọc Kinh originates in Hỗn Ngươn Khí, which humans and other living beings breathe so as to survive. That is why it was alive!

    Arriving in a pháp xa (a heavenly vehicle), I saw countless spirits gathering at the three entrances of Bạch Ngọc Kinh.  Getting off, I saw Thập Nhị Thời Quân (the Twelve Time Superiors) in armor with bửu pháp (holy weapons) preventing everyone from entering. So upset was I that I asked them why? Immediately, the three entrances united into one and the twelve superiors gathered in front of me.

    In a confusing manner, they said they got an order. At once, I knew Kim Quang Sứ (the Devil) had ordered them not to allow the spirits to enter Bạch Ngọc Kinh.

    Getting furious, I turned around and told the spirits to enter, so they all rushed in. Then I told the Twelve Time Superiors to come in and followed them, carrying my Gián Ma Xử (Devil Destroying Pestle).

    Bạch Ngọc Kinh consisted of three sections, the middle of which was for the Buddhist Superiors. On the left were the female and the other were the male. Looking through the jelly-like walls, I could see lots of figures moving. Then, noticing everyone had a throne to sit on, I thought to myself, "Where is mine?" Instantly, someone showed me a beautiful throne, "Here you are, Sir." At first, I was afraid that was a joke, but another said, "It really is, Sir."

    It was really comfortable to sit on the throne and I felt like it was the first time I had ever had such a pleasant seat.

  • Bạch phát

    Bạch phát

    Chinese: 白髮 

    White hair.  

    Thánh Ngôn Hiệp Tuyển: 
    Thanh nhàn muốn vẹn buổi chung qui, 
    Giáo hóa nhân sanh đức phải vì
    Bước thế chịu đày khơi bạch phát, 
    Nguồn Tiên gắng lướt rạng thanh mi.

    The Collection of Divine Messages:
    When you buy the farm, want to rest in peace?
    Now teach people with your righteousness.
    For an entire life you have suffered,
    So be religious now for the holy future.
  • Bạch tuyết thần quang đái

    Bạch tuyết thần quang đái

    Chinese: 白雪神光帶 

    The white belt of holy light. 

    This is the belt for the formal vestment of Bảo Văn Pháp Quân ( one of the Twelve Time Superiors). It is 3,33 meters long and 0,333 meters wide.

  • Bạch vân thương cẩu

    Bạch vân thương cẩu

    Chinese: 白雲蒼狗 

    A blue cloud in the shape of a dog that originates in a white cloud. (That is, life always changes unexpectedly.)

    The phrase is from a poem by Ðỗ Phủ (a famous Chinese poet):

  • Bạch Vân Ðộng

    Bạch Vân Ðộng

    Chinese: 白雲洞 

    The Cave of White Cloud. 

    His Holiness Hộ Pháp explained: " According to Buddhist scriptures, our planet has experienced its second life after seven transformations, each of which lasted 61 million years. The earth was dead once (its corpse is now the moon). The moon has been known as a port of call for angels and saints before their reincarnation on earth. They had to stay on the moon for a while to contact the gods on earth and get used to an earthly life.

    As far back as the ancient time, the moon was dubbed Bạch Vân Động. Through a lot of European seances, it was called Loge Blanche (French for Bạch Vân Động). Its religious leader is Bạch Vân Hoà Thượng (the White Cloud Monk), a great great grandchild of Từ Hàng Đạo Nhơn, and of Phật Quan Âm. Bạch Vân Hoà Thượng has reincarnated twice in France: first, as Cardinal Richelieu, then as Duke La Roche Foucault. In Việt nam, he reincarnated as Trình Quốc Công Nguyễn Bỉnh Khiêm, also called Trạng Trình". 

  • Bài bác

    Bài bác

    Chinese: 排駁

    Criticize, disapprove.

    Thánh Ngôn Hiệp Tuyển: 
    Than ôi! Ðiều vui sướng lao trần chẳng ai buộc mà nhiều kẻ tìm tới, mối đạo đức trau thân là phương châm thoát tục, mà lắm kẻ trốn lánh, bài bác mối Ðạo Trời, khua môi, uốn lưỡi, mà tưởng cho mình hơn đặng các phẩm nhơn sanh, chớ chẳng dè là một hình phạt rất nặng nề đã chực chúng nó nơi chốn A Tỳ.

    The Collection of Divine Messages: 
    Unfortunately, lots of people voluntarily pursue worldly pleasures while few become religious to escape the unhappy world. Some people, who call themselves orators, criticize the holy religion without knowing that they're going to get serious punishments in Hell.
  • Bài vị

    Bài vị

    disOneRight ID000155.jpg Bài vị

    Chinese: 簰位

    A spirit tablet.

    Note: A thin wooden or paper tablet with the profile of the deceased usually put on home altars of Asian families.   

  • BAN


    1.  BAN

    Chinese: 頒 

    Issue, give, grant.

    2. BAN

    Chinese: 班 

    An organization, a department.

    3. BAN 

    At the time.

  • Ban môn lộng phủ

    Ban môn lộng phủ

    Chinese: 班門弄斧

    (Literally) Demonstrating how to use an ax in front of Lỗ Ban.

    Note: Lỗ Ban was an ancient Chinese skilled carpenter, who is considered the master in this field. The expression implies it is not recommended to teach people what they already know. This expression is similar to the English idiom:" Never offer to teach fish to swim".  

  • Ban Phép lành

    Ban Phép lành

    disOneRight ID000158.jpg Ban Phép lành

    (God or religious leaders) grant blessing or benediction to believers.

    Sermon of His Holiness Hộ Pháp:

    "This evening, the New Year's Eve of Ất Mùi (Year of the Goat), as usual, I remember Caodai's Inauguration Day in Từ Lâm Pagoda (Gò Kén Pagoda). After the rite and the seance, God told all disciples to bend and walk under the Cơ (a Caodai's instrument used in automatic writing) so that He granted blessing. His Holiness Cao Thượng Phẩm and I were ordered to stand at the ceremony center, raising the Cơ for everyone to walk through.

    Therefore, this evening, under God's order, I grant benediction to all male and female disciples. Please pray for God's blessing!"

  • Ban sắc

    Ban sắc

    Chinese: 頒敕

    To issue an official order. In Caodai, this is a God's order or decree.

    Thánh Ngôn Hiệp Tuyển: 
    Thầy đã ban sắc cho Thần Hoàng Long Thành thăng lên chức Văn Xương vào trấn nhậm làng Hiệp Ninh.

    The Collection of Divine Messages: 
    I (i.e. God) have decreed that Thần Hoàng Long Thành (the Town God of Long Thành Village) be promoted to the rank of Văn Xương (the name of a star, also a higher rank than Town God) and that he be in charge of Hiệp Ninh Village.
  • Ban sơ

    Ban sơ

    The beginning. 

    Thánh Ngôn Hiệp Tuyển: 
    Ba con lãnh mạng lịnh lớn lao, vẹt đường tăm tối trong buổi ban sơ.

    The Collection of Divine Messages: 
    Disciples, the three of you have a great responsibility to overcome all difficulties at the beginning of our religion.
  • Ban Thế Ðạo

    Ban Thế Ðạo

    disOneRight ID000161.jpg Ban Thế Ðạo

    Chinese: 班世道

    The Department of Secular Dignitaries.

    1. Description

    A Caodai special organization for current senior officials, businessmen, politicians and famous figures to do charity work and practice Caodaism.

    It was established under the instructions of Giáo Tông Lý Thái Bạch from a seance (Psychics: Phạm Hộ Pháp and Cao Tiếp Đạo) in Giáo Tông's House, January 7th 1954.

    "In yesterday's discussion on Secular Dignitaries, I said I would explain it to you. Hộ Pháp, you know there is a similar Catholic organization with four ranks, called Dignitaires laïques. You have had the rank of Hiền Tài, so how about three more ranks like theirs?"

    Hộ Pháp: Please clarify it, sir.

    " There should be Quốc Sĩ, Đại Phu and Phu Tử." 

    Despite Giáo Tông and Hộ Pháp's decision as far back as January 7th 1954, the Constitution of Secular Dignitaries was not issued until March 30th 1965 by Hiệp Thiên Đài. The Constitution, together with the Regulations issued on November 27th 1969, was approved by Thượng Sanh.   

    2. Constitution.

    Under Lý Giáo Tông's instructions on January 7th 1954 and according to Caodai creed, the Caodai Sacerdotal Council establishes the Department of Secular Dignitaries in order to facilitate more Caodaiism practice among non-priest people, who are able to work for Caodai without entering the priesthood. 

    The Department of Secular Dignitaries is a religious organization that connects secular and religious communities in order to create a peaceful life for man in the transitional period. 

    Chapter 1: Responsibility and Hierarchy

    The dignitaries take care of their philanthropic work as well as their religious duties, closely collaborate with Cửu Trùng Đài (Caodai Executive Body) on secular activities and being legally controlled by the Department of Thế, Hiệp Thiên Đài (Caodai Judiciary Body).  There are four ranks: Hiền Tài, Quốc Sĩ, Sĩ Phu and Phu Tử.  Those who want to join the Secular Dignitaries are required to have two Caodai dignitaries' recommendations and to join an entry rite. Being admitted, they will then be granted one of the above four positions according to their social status.

    1. HIỀN TÀI: This position is granted to an intellectual with a Diploma of Sơ Học, Trung Học Đệ Nhứt Cấp, or Tú Tài Toàn Phần (21 years old and above), a current governmental official (40 years and above), a private company manager (40 years and above), or a military officer (Captain and above).

    In addition, successful persons such as property owners, landowners, and contractors, who have been proven to assist Caodai, can also be granted this position.

    Individuals of 40 or older can be Hiền Tài on the condition that they have made great contributions to Caodai and complied with ethical principles.

    Caodaist Dignitaries' children or grandchildren are not required to submit Sớ Cầu Đạo (Caodai ID card) along with their applications.  

    The two dignitaries, who write recommendations, have to be responsible for the candidate's conduct to the Sacerdotal Council. 

    2. QUỐC SĨ: To be a Quốc Sĩ, an individual has to meet some requirements: 

    A Hiền Tài, who is ethical enough, who has spent a lot of time practicing Caodaism and doing charity work and who is greatly popular (verified in writing).

    A person who has great contributions to the country and there is evidence that the public is greatly fond of him/her (verified in writing).

    A Minister, Diplomat, General, Master or Doctor, who is devoted to religion and charity.

    3. ÐẠI PHU: A Đại Phu needs to meets the requirements:

    A Quốc Sĩ, who is ethical enough and who has spent much time helping with preaching Caodaism and with winning public admiration.  

    A President, a Prime Minister or a great philanthropist, who is ready to contribute to the religious and humanitarian cause. 

    4. PHU TỬ: Requirements for a Phu Tử are:

    A Đại Phu, who is ethical enough and who has greatly contributed to the national politics.   

    A great person who has suffered many hardships in publicizing Caodaiism in one or several countries. 


    a) Hiền Tài's are selected and ordained by the Sacerdotal Council of Hiệp Thiên Đài.

    b) Quốc Sĩ, Ðại Phu, Phu Tử's are selected by the Sacerdotal Council of Hiệp Thiên Đài and presented to Divine Authority.

    Chapter II: Organization 

    The Department of Secular Dignitaries is headquartered in Tây Ninh Temple. There are also local branches in other districts and provinces. 

    The Headquarter is under the Department of Thế, Sacerdotal Council of Hiệp Thiên Đài.

    In other districts or provinces, a local Management is established and controlled by the Central Management. The local Management closely cooperates with local Caodai Dignitaries.

    Chapter III: Vestments

    - Hiền Tài: White áo dài. Black khăn đóng (i.e. Vietnamese traditional clothing). Chest badge of Cổ Pháp Giáo Tông and the word HIỀN TÀI. Position in a rite: behind Giáo Hữu, in front of Lễ Sanh.

    - Quốc Sĩ: The same as Hiền Tài. Chest badge of Cổ pháp and the word QUỐC SĨ. Position in a rite: behind Giáo Sư, in front of Giáo Hữu. 

    - Ðại Phu: The same as Quốc Sĩ. Nine- layer khăn đóng. Chest badge of Cổ Pháp and the word ÐẠI PHU. Position in a rite: behind Phối Sư, in front of Giáo Sư. 

    - Phu Tử: The same as Ðại Phu. Chest badge of Cổ pháp and the word PHU TỬ. Position in a rite: behind Đầu Sư, in front of Phối Sư.

    Female vestments are the same as male without khăn đóng. 

    The dignitaries on a special assignment of the Sacerdotal Council of Hiệp Thiên Đài are allowed to wear six-button áo dài like a Hiệp Thiên Đài dignitary.

    Chapter IV: Transfer to Regular Dignitaries.   

    The dignitaries, who want to change their status into regular dignitaries of Cửu Trùng Đài or Hiệp Thiên Đài have to submit:

    1. A certificate of the current religious rank.
    2. The letter of  lifelong devotion to Caodaism.
    3. CV.
    4. The promissory letter of vegetarian practice and religious law-abidingness. 

    Candidates will then be presented to Divine Authority for consideration.

    Under Hộ Pháp's Decree 49, July 4th 1951, a Hiền Tài with five-year experience can request a transfer to Hiệp Thiên Đài or Cữu Trùng Đài dignitaries after a complete investigation by Bộ Pháp Chánh.

    A promotion to Quốc Sĩ, Ðại Phu and Phu Tử is also decided by Divine Authority.

    After the transfer, the new dignitaries have no more responsibility with the Department of Secular Dignitaries and have to obey the New Canonical Codes and the Religious Constitution of Caodaism. 

    In the future, this Constitution can be supplemented or modified to suit human social needs.

    This Constitution was edited by the Sacerdotal Council of Hiệp Thiên Đài, Certified Report 10/VB, July 19th 1969, and approved by Hộ Pháp, August 16th 1969. 

    From March 3rd 1965 to August 15th 1973, 706 Hiền Tài were ordained. Since 1975, no ordinations for Secular Dignitaries have been organized. 

  • Ban Tứ Vụ

    Ban Tứ Vụ

    Chinese: 班四務

    The Committee of Four Affairs. 

    This four-grouped committee established in a local Thánh Thất (Holy House) to take care of all religious activities.

    ■ Hộ Vụ: The finance management. 
    ■ Công Vụ: The facility management. 
    ■ Lễ Vụ: The religious ceremony organizers. 
    ■ Lương Vụ: Hospitality.
  • Ban Ủy Viên Hội Nhơn Sanh

    Ban Ủy Viên Hội Nhơn Sanh

    Chinese: 班委員會人生

    This is one of the four committees selected for detailed discussions in a Hội Nhơn Sanh (Caodai General Convention). 

  • Ban Ủy Viên Phước Thiện

    Ban Ủy Viên Phước Thiện

    Chinese: 班委員福善

    A committee of the selected members and representatives of Phước Thiện (Caodai Philanthropic Body) in a district to attend the General Convention of Phước Thiện. 

  • Bàn Cổ

    Bàn Cổ

    Chinese: 盤古

    According to Chinese myth, Bàn Cổ was the human ancestor like Adam from the Book of Genesis.  

  • Bàn cờ huyền bí

    Bàn cờ huyền bí

    An enigmatic game of Chinese chess.

    This game was created by Hộ Pháp as a riddle in 1947. It was solved by Hiền Tài Lê văn Thuộc (religious name: Chơn Ðăng) and ancient published by Phạm Môn in 1971.

  • Bàn Trị Sự

    Bàn Trị Sự

    Chinese: 班治事

    A Caodaist Village Administrative Unit.

    The basic religious management group, whose job is to regulate all religious activities in a village or a small town. This unit operates under the Sacerdotal Council of Cữu Trùng Đài. It is led by a Chánh Trị Sự (Chief Administrator), who is assisted by several Phó Trị Sự (Administrative Assistant ) and Thông Sự (Religious Law Assistant). These dignitaries are selected through a local general election for a five-year term.

  • Bán hữu hình

    Bán hữu hình

    Chinese: 半有形

    Half-matter, half-spirit.

    The collection of Divine Messages: Each human being is composed of two parts. One is the physical body and the other is the spiritual one. The spiritual body originating in the physical one is half matter, half spirit, so it is both visible and invisible.

  • Bàng môn Tả đạo

    Bàng môn Tả đạo

    Chinese: 旁門左道

    False doctrine, false religion. 

    The Collection of Divine Messages: 

    "When Bạch Ngọc Kinh and Lôi Âm Tự legislated for the Third Amnesty Period, the Devil started to hinder the true religion. He even borrowed My name (i.e. God). However, he dared not sit on My throne. He knew for sure that I used this magic (spiritualism) to preach, so, in the same way, he changed his Tam Thập Lục Động into Tam Thập Lục Thiên, and impersonated other Angels, Saints, Immortals and Buddhas to establish a false religion."

    Note: "Any schismatic groups, which are based on Caodaism, but operate without obeying the Caodaist Sacerdotal Council, are not considered God's religion. They have to be considered false religions by true Caodaists." The Eighth Religious Decree, signed by Giáo Tông and Hộ Pháp, August 25th 1934. 

  • Báo Ân Ðường

    Báo Ân Ðường

    disOneRight ID000170.jpg Báo Ân Ðường

    Chinese: 報恩堂

    The Gratitude House. 

    A house built to show respect to the great contributors to Caodai in the pioneering days. 

    There have been two Gratitude Houses, one of which is in Phnom Penh, Cambodia and the other is in Trí Giác Cung, Tây Ninh, Việt Nam.  

  • Báo Ân Từ

    Báo Ân Từ

    disOneRight ID000171.jpg Báo Ân Từ

    Chinese: 報恩祠

    The Gratitude Temple.

    A temple with the same function as that of Báo Ân Đường(Gratitude House). There is such a temple near Caodai Temple in Tây Ninh, Việt Nam, which is temporarily used to worship Phật Mẫu (God the Mother). The Main Temple for Phật Mẫu will be built in the future.

  • Báo Quốc Từ

    Báo Quốc Từ

    disOneRight ID000172.jpg Báo Quốc Từ

    Chinese: 報國祠

    The Vietnamese Pantheon. 

    A temple built in honor of all Vietnamese heroes or gods. The temple was built in the middle of the road to Long Hoa Market. 

  • Báo ứng nhãn tiền

    Báo ứng nhãn tiền

    Chinese: 報應眼前

    Immediate retribution. 

    The phrase implies retribution is inevitable under the Natural Principle of Causality and the result can happen right in your lifetime.   

    Thánh Ngôn Hiệp Tuyển: 
    Mùi đời đã nếm biết chua cay, 
    Giành giựt còn mong cậy sức tài. 
    Nếu chẳng định tâm lo xét quấy, 
    Nhãn tiền báo ứng dễ đâu sai.

    The Collection of Divine Messages: 
    You've known that life is so cruel.
    Then why keep fighting for survival?
    For each sin you've committed,
    Retribution is always instant and unavoided.
  • BẢO


    1. Chinese: 保 - Protect, preserve.

    2. Chinese: 寶 - Precious, invaluable.  (Also BỬU.)

  • Bảo Ðạo

    Bảo Ðạo

    disOneRight ID000175b.jpg Bảo Đạo Ca Minh Chương

    Chinese: 保道

    Religious Guardian. 

    This is a high-ranking dignitary, one of the Twelve Time Seniors, who works under the Department of Đạo (Religion), Sacerdotal Council of Hiệp Thiên Đài. 

    Mr Ca Minh Chương was ordained as the first Bảo Đạo on February 13th 1927. Mr Hồ Tấn Khoa was ordained as the second Bảo Đạo on February 15th 1954. disOneRight ID000175a.jpg Bảo Đạo Hồ Tấn Khoa

  • Bảo hộ

    Bảo hộ

    Chinese: 保護

    To protect, to preserve, to support, to keep.

    Pháp Chánh Truyền: 
    Lo bảo hộ luật đời và luật Ðạo, chẳng ai qua luật mà Hiệp Thiên Đài chẳng biết.

    The Religious Constitution of Caodaism: 
    To protect and support religious and secular law and monitor any law breakers. 
  • Bảo kê

    Bảo kê

    To assure, to confirm.

    Thuyết Đạo của Đức Hộ Pháp: 
    Bần đạo dám bảo kê rằng: Nơi cảnh ấy chưa có buổi nào huyên náo hay có tiếng nào buồn.

    Sermon of His Holiness Hộ Pháp: 
    I assure you that there are never obstreperous or melancholic sounds in that world (i.e. Heaven). 
  • Bảo Pháp

    Bảo Pháp

    disOneRight ID000178.jpg Bảo Pháp

    Chinese: 保法

    Juridical Guardian.  

    This is a high-ranking dignitary, one of the Twelve Time Seniors, who works under the Department of Pháp (Law), Sacerdotal Council of Hiệp Thiên Đài. 

    Mr Nguyễn Trung Hậu was ordained as Bảo Pháp on February 13th 1927.  

  • Bảo Quân

    Bảo Quân



    This is a senior dignitary in the Caodaist Academy, whose membership is composed of twelve Bảo Quân. This organization's function is to preserve and develop Caodaist culture.   

  • Bảo Sanh

    Bảo Sanh

    Chinese: 保生

    Life protection.

    Thánh Ngôn Hiệp Tuyển: 
    Sự thương yêu là giềng bảo sanh của càn khôn thế giái.

    The Collection of Divine Messages: 
    Love is the factor that protects life in the universe.
  • Bảo Sanh Quân

    Bảo Sanh Quân

    Chinese: 保生君

    Life Protector.  

    One of the twelve Bảo Quân, who is in charge of public relief. 

    In 1930, Dr Lê Văn Hoạch was ordained as Bảo Sanh Quân. 

  • Bảo Thế

    Bảo Thế

    disOneRight ID000182.jpg Bảo Thế

    Chinese: 保世

    Protector of Temporal Life. 

    One of the Twelve Time Seniors, Hiệp Thiên Đài. On February 13th 1927 Mr Lê Thiện Phước was ordained as Bảo Thế.

  • Bảo Thể & Thánh Vệ

    Bảo Thể & Thánh Vệ

    Chinese: 保體 - 聖衛

    Holy Guard, an organization with the same function as the police, is divided into two divisions:

    · Bảo Thể protects religious buildings, temples, houses, etc.

    · Thánh Vệ regulates the traffic in the area of Tây Ninh Temple.  

  • Bảo Văn Pháp Quân

    Bảo Văn Pháp Quân

    disOneRight ID000184.jpg Bảo Văn Pháp Quân

    Chinese: 保文法君

    Guardian of Arts and Literature.

    One of the twelve Guardians of the Caodaist Academy, whose job is to promote religious arts, literature, music and rituals. Mr Cao Quỳnh Diêu was ordained as Bảo Văn Pháp Quân in 1930.  

  • Bát âm

    Bát âm

    Chinese: 八音

    Eight different sounds produced by eight kinds of Chinese musical instruments. 

  • Bát bửu (Dàn Bát bửu)

    Bát bửu (Dàn Bát bửu)

    Chinese: 八寶

    The eight tools of power used by Eight Legendary Chinese Immortals.

    1. Li T’ieh Guai (Iron-crutch Li) used an iron crutch and a gourd (wu lou).
    2. Chung-Li Chuan used a magical fan and sometimes a peach.
    3. Lu Dong-Pin used a magic sword or a fly-whisk.
    4. Lan T’sai Ho used a basket of flowers.
    5. Chang Kuo-Lao used a bamboo walking stick and rode a mule.
    6. He Hsien Ku used a magical lotus blossom and a fly-whisk.
    7. Han Hsiang Tzu used a flute. 
    8. Ts’ao Guao-chiu, used a jade tablet of admission to court, and sometimes a feather fan.

    In Tây Ninh Temple, on both sides of the eighth level, those tools of power are displayed oppositely. It is believed that they have the power to expel evil. 

  • Bát cảnh cung

    Bát cảnh cung

    Chinese: 八境宮

    The eight- scenery palace. 

    A large house with eight compartments which represents the power of God the Mother.

  • Bát Ðạo Nghị Ðịnh

    Bát Ðạo Nghị Ðịnh

    disOneRight ID000189.jpg Bát Ðạo Nghị Ðịnh

    Chinese: 八道議定

    The Eighth Religious Decree.

    This decree was approved by both Giáo Tông and Hộ Pháp on August 25 th 1934. In accordance with the Divine Messages, such action is considered equal to God's power and results in a Heavenly Act.



    Pursuant to the Religious Constitution of Caodaism,

    Pursuant to God's Messages,

    For the reason that there is only one Caodaism.


    Article 1: Any schismatic groups, which are based on Caodaism, but operate without obeying the Caodaist Sacerdotal Council, are not considered God's religion. They have to be considered false religions by true Caodaists.

    Article 2: The religions which want to join the official religion of Caodaism have to be approved by God and the General Convention of Caodaists. 

    This decree is prepared in the Temple of Caodaism, Tây Ninh on August 25 th 1934.

    Phạm công Tắc Lý thái Bạch
  • Bát hồn

    Bát hồn

    Chinese: 八魂

    Eight levels of spirits or souls.  

    All spirits in the universe evolve through an eight-level scale:

    1. Spirit of stone. 
    2. Spirit of vegetation.
    3. Spirit of animal.
    4. Spirit of human.  
    5. Spirit of angel. 
    6. Spirit of saint.
    7. Spirit of immortal.
    8. Spirit of buddha.

    Spirit of stone is the lowest and spirit of buddha is the highest level.  

  • Bát Nương

    Bát Nương

    Chinese: 八娘

    The Eighth Female Buddha. 

    One of the nine Female Buddhas who assist God the Mother. 

    It is said that Bát Nương once incarnated as a woman named Bạch Liên (White Lotus) in China. In the Third Amnesty, Bát Nương was very instrumental in instructing the first Caodai disciples such as Hộ Pháp Phạm Công Tắc, Thượng Phẩm Cao Quỳnh Cư, Thượng Sanh Cao Hoài Sang, and Quyền Giáo Tông Lê Văn Trung. Especially, Bát Nương taught Hiền Tài Nguyễn văn Mới Caodai's Esotericism. That is the first time the most detailed explanation of Caodai's Esotericism has been given. 

  • Bát quái

    Bát quái

    Chinese: 八卦

    The Eight Symbols or the Eight Trigrams 

    The Bát Quái are eight trigrams used in Taoist cosmology to represent the fundamental principles of reality, seen as a range of eight interrelated concepts. Each consists of three lines, each line either "broken" or "unbroken," representing yin or yang, respectively. Due to their tripartite structure, they are often referred to as "trigrams" in English.

    The ancient Chinese classic I Ching consists of the 64 possible pairs of trigrams (called "hexagrams") and commentary on them.

    Caodaism maintains there are three Bát Quái for three amnesties:

    1. The first Amnesty: King Fuxi (2852-2737 B.C.) invented Bát quái to explain the formation of the universe. It is called Tiên Thiên Bát quái (Earlier Heaven Bagua).

    2. The second Amnesty: King Wen (1136-1122 B.C.) invented Bát Quái to explain the formation of things. It is called Hậu Thiên Bát quái (Later Heaven Bagua).

    3. The Third Amnesty: Ðức Chí Tôn (God) taught Caodaism and invented another Bagua called Caodaist Bagua. 

  • Bát Quái Ðài

    Bát Quái Ðài

    disOneRight ID000193.jpg Bát Quái Ðài

    Chinese: 八卦臺

    The Octagonal Tower.

    Caodaism comprises three parts called Đài (Tower).

    1. Cửu Trùng Ðài (Nine- Level Tower) is the material part or the Executive Body, led by Giáo Tông.

    2. Hiệp Thiên Ðài (Communion Tower) is the mind or the Judiciary Body, led by Hộ Pháp.

    3. Bát Quái Ðài (Octagonal Tower) is the spirit or the Divine Body, led by God.

    Human bodies can communicate with spirits thanks to minds. In the same way, Cửu Trùng Đài can communicate with Bát Quái Đài through Hiệp Thiên Đài - in other words Hiệp Thiên Đài works as a medium to help Bát Quái Đài control Cửu Trùng Đài. 

    In the sermons on the Divine Path to Eternal Life, Hộ Pháp preached:

    "Bát Quái Đài, an octagonal tower, is too miraculous for people to describe in worldly languages. There are eight entrances in which everything in the universe emerges in bright haloes. Eight beams of bright light, like bridges, span a vast blue rough ocean. The beam on which humans go to and fro is the most crowded. 

    Those who can stand on the light bridge can enter Bát Quái Đài. On the light bridge, you will become too weak to walk. Then the bridge moves you forward. The ones who have committed a lot of sins in their lifetime or are ineligible for a heavenly status will fall into the ocean below. In the blue ocean your appearances become too ugly like a barbarian."


    It is a twelve-step octagonal floor, on the top of which The Eight Trigrams are carved. In the center rises a column that supports Quả Càn Khôn (the Universe Sphere). The sky-blue Universe Sphere is 3,333 meters in diameter and displays 3072 stars, symbolizing the material universe. Its facade shows the Divine Eye on Ursa Major. Below the Universe Sphere is the altar.

  • Bát Quái Mạo

    Bát Quái Mạo

    disOneRight ID000194.jpg Bát Quái Mạo

    Chinese: 八卦帽

    Octagonal Cap. 

    This cap is worn by Đầu Sư and Phối Sư, the two Cửu Trùng Đài dignitaries in major ceremonies. The cap is eight-sided with eight Chinese characters: Càn, Khảm, Cấn, Chấn, Tốn, Ly, Khôn, Ðài. The yellow caps are for the branch of Buddhism, the azure for Taoism and the red for Confucianism.  

  • Bát Tiên

    Bát Tiên

    disOneRight ID000195.jpg Bát Tiên

    Chinese: 八仙

    The eight Legendary Chinese Immortals.

    1. Li T’ieh Guai (Iron-crutch Li) with an iron crutch and a gourd (wu lou).
    2. Chung-Li Chuan with a magical fan and sometimes a peach.
    3. Lu Dong-Pin with a magic sword or a fly-whisk.
    4. Lan T’sai Ho with a basket of flowers.
    5. Chang Kuo-Lao with a bamboo walking stick and rode a mule.
    6. He Hsien Ku with a magical lotus blossom and a fly-whisk.
    7. Han Hsiang Tzu with a flute. 
    8. Ts’ao Guao-chiu, with a jade tablet of admission to court, and sometimes a feather fan.

    They are worshiped inside the Tây Ninh Caodai Temple.

  • Bát vu

    Bát vu

    disOneRight ID000196.jpg Bát vu

    Chinese: 缽盂

    The begging bowl. 

    According to Chinese legend, when the Fifth Patriarch, Hongren made his disciple, Huineng, the Sixth Patriarch, he passed the robe and begging bowl as the symbol of Dharma Seal to Huineng. The robe and begging bowl are believed to have been Buddha's belongings and were passed down to Huineng, who was the last Patriarch to keep them. Therefore, Caodaism uses the begging bowl as the symbol of Buddhism. 

  • Bạt tiến

    Bạt tiến

    Chinese: 拔薦

    Request for a spirit's elevation. 

    Caodaists, who have had vegetarian diet less than ten days a month, who have broken Caodaist codes and who have not attended the entry rite, can have Bạt Tiến, a special funeral rite, performed by local dignitaries. This performance is like a formal request to the divine authority for the spirit to go to Heaven. Their family, however, has to be vegetarian during the rite.

    Bạt Tiến is mainly the same as a regular funeral rite except:

    · The Prayer After Death.
    · The funeral rites of Phép Xác (Purification Sacrament) and Phép Ðoạn Căn (Cutting Sacrament)
    · The funeral rites of Tuần Cửu, Tiểu Tường and Ðại Tường.
  • Bảy dây oan nghiệt

    Bảy dây oan nghiệt

    The seven sin-causing ties. 

    These invisible ties connect a human body and his spirit. Through these ties, information on the body's needs is transmitted to the spirit, who will decide what to do in order to satisfy the material body. Body's satisfaction often causes a person to commit sins. That is why Caodaism calls them sin-causing ties.

    When a person dies, these ties keep holding the spirit, preventing it from going to Heaven. In a funeral rite, Caodaist dignitaries perform Phép Đoạn Căn (the Cutting Sacrament) to free the spirit. 

    Kinh đệ nhất cửu: 
    Bảy dây oan nghiệt hết ràng,
    Bợn trần rửa sạch muôn ngàn đau thương.

    Funeral Prayers for the First nine-day Period:
    No more sin-causing ties,   
    And earthly dust of sufferings is washed away.
  • Bảy Lão

    Bảy Lão

    disOneRight ID000199.jpg Bảy Lão

    The Seven Sages of the Bamboo Grove. 

    A group of Chinese scholars, writers, and musicians of the 3rd century CE. 

    Kinh đệ tam cửu: 
    Cõi Thanh Thiên lên miền Bồng đảo, 
    Ðộng Thiên Thai Bảy Lão đón đường.

    Funeral Prayers for the Third nine-day Period:
    From the Azure Heaven to the Paradise,   
    Seven Sages are waiting at the Cave of Divine.
  • Bảy bài

    Bảy bài

    The seven pieces of music.

    The seven pieces of Vietnamese traditional music played in a major Caodaist ceremony. 

    Thánh Ngôn Hiệp Tuyển: 
    Khi nhập lễ, xướng Khởi Nhạc thì phải đánh trống và đờn bảy bài.

    The Collection of Divine Messages: 
    At the beginning of the ceremony, after the rite presenter sings out "Khởi Nhạc", drums and the seven pieces of music will be played.
  • Bảy ngai Cửu Trùng Đài

    Bảy ngai Cửu Trùng Đài

    disOneRight ID000201.png Bảy ngai Cửu Trùng Đài

    Seven thrones in the Nine-Level Tower

    There are seven thrones for senior dignitaries of Cửu Trùng Đài in Tây Ninh Temple. One for Giáo Tông, three for Chưởng Pháp and three for Đầu Sư. They are placed in front of the altar, facing the main door. However, they are only symbolic, having never been sat on ever since. 

    The Collection of Divine Messages: "Kiệt, you have to help Thơ construct the Holy House.  Have a carpenter make seven thrones, the biggest of which is for Giáo Tông, three more for Chưởng Pháp and the rest for Đầu Sư. Especially, the one for Giáo Tông should have the sculpted Four Holy Beasts (dragon, qilin, turtle and phoenix) and two sculpted dragons on the arms." 

  • Bắc Ðẩu

    Bắc Ðẩu

    Chinese: 北斗

    Pole Star or North Star

    A pole star is a visible star, preferably a prominent one, that is approximately aligned with the Earth's axis of rotation; that is, a star whose apparent position is close to one of the celestial poles, and which lies approximately directly overhead when viewed from the Earth's North Pole or South Pole. A similar concept also applies to other planets than the Earth. In practice, the term pole star usually refers to Polaris, which is the current northern pole star, also known as the North Star.

    On the Universe Sphere in Tây Ninh Temple, in accordance with God's Messages, the Divine Eye is painted on the Pole Start. 

  • Bắc Khuyết

    Bắc Khuyết

    Chinese: 北闕

    The northern entrance. 

    Legend has it that this golden entrance leads to Linh Tiêu Điện, where King of Heaven (God) reins with His court. 

    On the cover of Minh Sư holy book, which was handed down from China to Vietnam, there  is a prophetic couplet: 

    CAO như Bắc Khuyết nhân chiêm ngưỡng,
    ÐÀI tại Nam phương Ðạo thống truyền.   

    English : 
    The extremely high entrance in the North is admired by human beings.
    Caodai, a religion in the South, will spread the world over. 
    Begun with Caodai, the couplet is believed to predict the emergence of the religion.
  • Bần dùng

    Bần dùng

    Being reluctant to do something.

    Thánh Ngôn Hiệp Tuyển: 
    Từ đây Thầy là đứng chủ trung, dìu dắt các con trong đường đạo hạnh; nhứt nhứt đều tưởng có Thầy bên các con và đợi nơi Thầy mà thôi. Ðường tuy xa, bước đường tuy gay trở, nhưng các con lướt nổi sự hiểm nguy, đặng đến cùng Thầy trong buổi chung cuộc. Môn đệ nhiều đứa lòng vẫn nhẹ tợ lông, thấy sự chi khó thì đã muốn bần dùn thối bước.

    The Collection of Divine Messages: 
    Disciples, from now on I am your only leader, teaching you how to practice religion. Take orders only from Me. Despite the tough journey, try to overcome difficulties to come back to Me. Some disciples are still confused and reluctant to carry on if there are some difficulties.
  • Bần đạo

    Bần đạo

    Chinese: 貧道

    Poor priest.

    A Vietnamese senior priest, especially a religious leader, usually calls himself/herself bần đạo to show his/her modesty. This is an admirable way of addressing in Vietnam.

  • Bần tăng

    Bần tăng

    Chinese: 貧僧

    Poor monk.

    The same as bần đạo, but used mainly for Buddhists. 

  • Bất cập

    Bất cập

    Chinese: 不及

    Uninterested, lazy. 

    Kinh Sám Hối:
    Chớ thái quá, đừng lòng bất cập,
    Phép tu hành luyện tập nhiều ngày.

    Remorse Prayer: 
    Be neither rushed nor lazy. 
    Practicing a religion needs persistency.
  • Bất câu

    Bất câu

    Chinese: 不拘


    Pháp Chánh Truyền: 
    Người phải chăm nom binh vực những kẻ cô thế, bất câu người có đạo hay người ngoại đạo.

    The Religious Constitution of Caodaism: 
    He has to take care of and protect the underprivileged regardless of whether they are Caodaists or not.
  • Bất di bất dịch

    Bất di bất dịch

    Chinese: 不移不易

    Unchanged, unvaried, fixed.

    Pháp Chánh Truyền: 
    Chẳng hạn luật công bình giữa người với người thì phải có nguyên tắc bất di bất dịch là: Kỷ sở bất dục vật thi ư nhơn.

    The Religious Constitution of Caodaism: 
    For instance, the law of justice has to follow an unchanged principle: Do not impose whatever you dislike upon others.
  • Bất đắc kỳ tử

    Bất đắc kỳ tử

    Chinese: 不得期死

    Sudden death.

    Thuyết Đạo Đức Hộ Pháp: 
    Một vị Phật chẳng lẽ chết bất đắc kỳ tử như thế được.

    Sermon of His Holiness Hộ Pháp: 
    A Buddha can't be suddenly dead like that.
  • Bất khả tri, bất khả nghị

    Bất khả tri, bất khả nghị

    Chinese: 不可知, 不可議

    Incomprehensible and beyond human logic.

    Kinh Tiên Giáo: 
    Thánh bất khả tri, công bất khả nghị.

    Taoism Prayers: 
    His holy qualities are incomprehensible, and his merit is beyond human logic.
  • Bất mục

    Bất mục

    Chinese: 不睦

    Inharmonious, not get along with someone.

    Thánh Ngôn Hiệp Tuyển: 
    Còn trong luân lý chẳng hòa thì dân cư bất mục.

    The Collection of Divine Messages: 
    If morality is upset, people cannot get along with one another.
  • Bất tức

    Bất tức

    Chinese: 不息

    Without stopping, incessantly. 

    Kinh Ngọc Hoàng Thượng Đế: 
    Thời thừa lục long, du hành bất tức.

    Prayers of Praise to God: 
    Always riding six dragons, God travels incessantly.
  • Bầu Tiên

    Bầu Tiên

    The holy gourd. 

    According to Chinese legend, immortals often carry gourds filled with holy water or holy wine, which can save people's souls. The term is used to refer to a doctrine.

    Thánh Ngôn Hiệp Tuyển: 
    Cao Ðài đứng chủ cả sanh linh, 
    Bến khổ bầu Tiên rưới thế tình. 
    Mở mắt tỉnh lần cơ mộng điệp, 
    Hữu sanh hữu khổ phải toan gìn

    The Collection of Divine Messages: 
    Caodaism dominates all living beings 
    And saves all sufferers with the new doctrine. 
    Wake up! Your life is just an illusion. 
    You need to find out the way of liberation.
  • Bẫy vô thường

    Bẫy vô thường

    The trap of temptation.

    The phrase implies earthly temptation such as fame, benefit, power, money and sex, which cause people to commit sins. As soon as you are fond of them, you are trapped for good.

    Thánh Ngôn Hiệp Tuyển: 
    Ðời mộng ảo nầy, sự còn mất như bọt nước mây bay, khá qui chánh cải tà, nắm giữ lòng thiện niệm, thì một mai mới tránh khỏi bẫy vô thường của quỉ vương đương giành xé

    The Collection of Divine Messages: 
    In this illusionary life, what you gain can't be kept forever, so you'd better get religion and keep yourself noble to avoid the Devil's trap of temptation.
  • Bẻ bai biếm nhẻ

    Bẻ bai biếm nhẻ

    To find fault with, denounce, or criticize.

    Thuyết Đạo của Hộ Pháp: 
    Vì phần nhiều người lạm dự vào bậc Thiên phong, lấy tà tâm bẻ bai biếm nhẻ, chớ chẳng truyền bá lời lành.

    His Holiness Hộ Pháp's Sermon: 
    Most people take advantage of their holy ordination to criticize the doctrine instead of preaching it.
  • Bế Ðạo & Khai Ðạo

    Bế Ðạo & Khai Ðạo

    Chinese: 閉道 & 開道

    Đạo is closed - Đạo is open.

    Caodaism maintains that Đạo had been closed before 1926, that is to say, other doctrines, which are also God's messages, had been gradually embellished so much that it had been hard to understand or practice them. Therefore, it had been impossible for religious believers to achieve their goal.

    Then, in 1926, God came via magical tools, spiritualism, to preach the true doctrine by combining and refining the old doctrines. That way, God saves all souls in the Third Amnesty and transfer them to the Ethical Cycle. As a result, the holy path is said to have been open again.

  • Bế địch trợ hoang

    Bế địch trợ hoang

    Chinese: 閉糴助荒

    This is a dishonest strategy in business, in which the businessmen, in partnership with authorities, ban rice exports to raise the price. Then, they sell their rice to get profits. 

    Kinh Sám Hối:
    Hành người bế địch trợ hoang,
    Thừa năm hạn đói, mưu toan bức nghèo.

    Remorse Prayers:
    Businessmen dishonestly making money 
    Will be punished in Hell for their immorality.
  • Bến khổ sông mê

    Bến khổ sông mê

    The grieving riverbank and the hallucinating river (literally), that is, the sorrow of life on earth. This phrase is the same as bến khổ, bến mê, sông mê, biển khổ, bến tục, bến trần.

    Thánh Ngôn Hiệp Tuyển:
    Hiếm chi bậc Thánh bị đày vào chốn trần ai khổ nhọc, chìm đắm nơi bến khổ sông mê.

    The Collection of Divine Messages: 
    Lots of Saints have been exiled from Heaven to the earth and been getting stuck there.
  • Bi, Trí, Dũng

    Bi, Trí, Dũng

    Chinese: 悲 - 智 - 勇

    Compassion, wisdom and courage (three necessary qualities of a priest).

  • Bí pháp &Thể pháp

    Bí pháp &Thể pháp

    Chinese: 秘法 - 體法

    Bí Pháp - Esoteric Dharma, Esoteric Doctrine or Esotericism.

    Thể Pháp - Exoteric Dharma, Exoteric Doctrine or Exoterism.


    Exoteric Dharma (Thể Pháp) and Esoteric Dharma (Bí Pháp) are two umbrella terms and have a dualistic relation (i.e. meaningful only in coexistence). Some of their definitions have been suggested for this complex relationship:

    Exoteric Dharma is appearances while Esoteric Dharma is deeper hidden implications.

    Exoteric Dharma is the material universe itself. Esoteric Dharma is the power keeping it functional. 

    Exoteric Dharma includes what can be shown to the public, for example the scriptures, the temples, the organization, etc. Esoteric Dharma, on the other hand, is the philosophy. 

    Exoteric Dharma is the strategy of practicing a religion for most ordinary disciples. Diversely, Esoteric Dharma is for a few selected disciples.


    In His sermon, Hộ Pháp affirmed that Caodai Exoteric Dharma is humanitarianism. To achieve their religious goals, Caodaists devote themselves to the cause by joining three Caodai organizations: Cữu Trùng Đài (Executive Body), Hiệp Thiên Đài (Judiciary Body) or Phước Thiện (Philanthropic Body). 

    Joining Cữu Trùng Đài and Hiệp Thiên Đài, they enter the priesthood, preaching God's teachings wherever they are assigned to. In Phước Thiện, they do charity work as well as support all Caodaist religious organizations. These two kinds of religious practice are dubbed the First and the Second Path of Caodaism, respectively.


    According to Hộ Pháp's sermons, Caodaist Esoteric Dharma is never controlled by any human beings. God Himself controls it, so it is powerful enough to save all souls in the Third Amnesty. It is called the Third Path of Caodaism.

    In reality, Hộ Pháp, under God's instructions, had a Meditation House named Trí Huệ Cung built in 1951. Another Meditation House called Vạn Pháp Cung was said to be built in the future although there is now (that is, 2015) an unofficial Vạn Pháp Cung at the site.

    According to Caodaist Constitution, selected believers can enter these Meditation Houses to practice Esoteric Dharma. Scriptures for the performance, however, are still more ambiguous compared to Exoteric Dharma. It has been claimed by many groups of believers that they have the strategy of performance though the Sacerdotal Council have released no official materials on it up to date. Among those current controversial and confusing books on this issue, the Teachings of the Eight Female Buddha on Esoteric Dharma has been the most practical and comprehensible so far. This instructional book is claimed to have been given to Hiền Tài Nguyễn văn Mới, a stenographer of Hộ Pháp. In reality, no Caodaists have entered a Meditation House.

  • Bí tích

    Bí tích

    Chinese: 秘跡

    Caodaist sacraments.

    Hộ Pháp, under God's order, taught some dignitaries seven sacraments:

    · Phép Tắm Thánh - Sacrament of Purification of Children.
    · Phép Giải Oan - Sacrament of Suffering Elimination.
    · Phép Hôn Phối - Sacrament of Marriage.
    · Phép Giải bịnh - Sacrament of Healing.
    · Phép Xác - Sacrament of Purification of the Dead.
    · Phép Ðoạn Căn - Sacrament of Cutting Sin-causing Ties.
    · Phép Ðộ Thăng - Sacrament of Elevation of Spirit.
  • Bỉ ngạn

    Bỉ ngạn

    Chinese:  彼 岸

    The other riverbank. 

    According to Buddhism, human life is considered a river (or ocean) of sorrow. Humans are in complete  confusion on this side of the river. Only when they have crossed the river to the other bank will they become awakened, that is, attain enlightenment.

  • Biếm bác

    Biếm bác

    Chinese: 眨駁

    To find fault with, to blame, to criticize. 

    Pháp Chánh Truyền: 
    Ấy vậy, cựu luật thì Ngọc Hư Cung đã biếm bác.

    Caodaist Constitution: 
    Therefore, the Old Law was criticized by Ngọc Hư Cung.
  • Biến kinh

    Biến kinh

    Chinese: 遍經

    Finishing chanting a prayer. 

    Tụng nhứt thiên biến: Chanting a prayer 1000 times.

    Tụng đắc nhứt vạn biến: Chanting a prayer 10,000 times. 

  • Biến sanh

    Biến sanh

    Chinese: 變生

    To reproduce, to create.

    Phật Mẫu Chơn Kinh: 
    Thiên cung xuất vạn linh tùng pháp.
    Hiệp Âm Dương hữu hạp biến sanh.
    Càn Khôn sản xuất hữu hình,
    Bát hồn vận chuyển hóa thành chúng sinh.

    Prayer to God the Mother:
    Out of Heaven all spirits follow God 's orders.
    Yin and Yang unite to create all creatures.
    All worldly things are produced by God the Mother 
    And the eight categories of spirits can evolve forever.
  • Biến thể

    Biến thể

    Chinese: 變體

    To debase, to degrade, to cheapen.

    Thánh Ngôn Hiệp Tuyển:


    Le Christ est venu parmi vous. Il versait son Saint sang pour la Rédemption. Quel profit avez- vous pendant presque deux mille ans de son absence? Vous préchez son Évangile sans même le comprendre. Vous dénaturez la signification de sa sainte doctrine. L’humanité souffre des vicissitudes de tous ses apôtres. Ils n’ont pas su suivre le même chemin du calvaire de leur Maitre.


    Chúa Cứu Thế đã đến với các con. Người đã phải chịu đổ máu Thánh để chuộc tội cho loài người. Trong 2000 năm vắng mặt Người, các con đã làm gì hữu ích? Các con truyền bá đạo Người, nhưng chính các con cũng không hiểu chi cả. Các con lại làm sai lạc bản chất tôn chỉ của nền Thánh giáo. Nhân loại phải chịu đau khổ vì sự biến thể của các Thánh Tông Ðồ.


    Jesus Christ came to you and sacrificed His saintly blood for the redemption of mankind. For two thousand years without Him, what have you done? You have preached His teachings, which you yourselves don't understand at all. You have also ruined Christianity. Mankind has to suffer because His disciples have debased the teachings.   

  • Biển hoạn (bể hoạn)

    Biển hoạn (bể hoạn)

    The mandarinate, the working environment of senior officials in the past.

    This phrase refers to the hardship an intellectual had to deal with when he worked as a mandarin in the past, especially in China and Vietnam.

    Thánh Ngôn Hiệp Tuyển: 
    Bể hoạn dập dồn thương bấy trẻ.

    The Collection of Divine Messages: 
    You mandarins are pitied suffering many hardships at work.
  • Biển khổ, Biển trần, Biển trần khổ

    Biển khổ, Biển trần, Biển trần khổ

    The ocean of human sorrow.

    Hộ Pháp's Sermon:

    "Looking back, we see an extremely immense ocean with huge blue waves, each of which represents a deep sadness. The waves show the human suffering of birth, old age, sickness and death. Great great sorrows! Our sadness is as enormous as that ocean!" 

  • Biện nhi

    Biện nhi

    Chinese: 辦兒

    Chief of choirboys or choirgirls.

    Working under Giáo Nhi, a Biện Nhi conducts choirboys and choirgirls in chanting the prayers at a Holy House. Giáo Nhi (Choirmaster) is qualified by a training course.

  • Bình địa

    Bình địa

    Chinese: 平地

    Safe place. 

    Thánh Ngôn Hiệp Tuyển: 
    Ðem chiếc thuyền cận bến để dìu dắt vào chỗ bình địa đặng tự tại thung dung.

    The Collection of Divine Messages: 
    The ship is led to the safe harbor for a peaceful life.
  • Bóng dương, Bóng nhựt

    Bóng dương, Bóng nhựt

    Sunlight, sunshine.

    Thánh Ngôn Hiệp Tuyển: 
    Bóng dương tỏ rạng lố chơn mây.

    The Collection of Divine Messages: 
    The sun begins to shine on the horizon. 
  • Bóng khuất xương tan

    Bóng khuất xương tan

    Be out of sight and no more bones intact (literally) - that is, having been dead for ages.

    Kinh Sám Hối: 
    Việc lành việc dữ đồn vang,
    Tuy là bóng khuất xương tan tiếng còn.

    Remorse Prayer:
    Both good and bad behaviors will be remembered. 
    After your death the reputation will remain forever.
  • Bóng quang âm

    Bóng quang âm

    Day and night - that is to say, time flies.

    Kinh Sám Hối: 
    Việc sanh tử như đường chớp nhoáng,
    Bóng quang âm ngày tháng dập dồn.

    Remorse Prayer:   
    Life and death are too quick to realize. 
    Don't you see that time flies?  
  • Bóng tùng

    Bóng tùng

    The shade of a pine tree - (i.e. a husband).

    Thánh Ngôn Hiệp Tuyển: 
    Ðằng cát may đưa dựa bóng tùng.

    The Collection of Divine Messages: 
    A vine fortunately encounters a pine tree. (i.e. a woman can marry her ideal husband.)
  • Bồ đề

    Bồ đề

    Chinese: 菩提

    Bodhi (Sanskrit: बोधि; and Pali) in Buddhism is the understanding possessed by a Buddha regarding the true nature of things.

  • Bồ đề thọ, Giác thọ, Ðạo thọ.

    Bồ đề thọ, Giác thọ, Ðạo thọ.

    disOneRight ID000238.jpg Bồ đề thọ

    The Bodhi Tree was a large and very old Sacred Fig tree (Ficus religiosa) in Bodh Gaya, India. Siddhartha Gautama, the Buddha, is said to have achieved enlightenment under this tree. 

    On June 25th 1953, Venerable Narada Maha Theran from Sri Lanka presented a bodhi tree and Buddha's relics to Tây Ninh Temple. The Bodhi Tree, which is said to have been a transplant from the original Indian one, was planted in front of Caodaist Temple under Hộ Pháp's order. 

  • Bồ liễu

    Bồ liễu

    Chinese: 蒲柳

    A willow, representing a woman.

    Thánh Ngôn Hiệp Tuyển: 
    Bồ liễu nhứt thân sanh biến hóa.

    The Collection of Divine Messages: 
    A woman, whose body is transformational. 
  • Bồ Tát

    Bồ Tát

    Chinese: 菩薩

    A Bodhisattva.

    According to Buddhism, a bodhisattva (Sanskrit: बोधिसत्त्व bodhisattva; Pali: बोधिसत्त bodhisatta) is an enlightened (bodhi) person (sattva). Traditionally, a bodhisattva is someone, who, motivated by great compassion, has generated a spontaneous wish to attain Buddhahood for the benefit of all human beings. 

  • Bồ Tát Ma Ha Tát

    Bồ Tát Ma Ha Tát

    Chinese: 菩薩摩訶薩

    MSanskrit महासत्त्व (mahāsattva, “a great creature, great being”).

    A bodhisattva who attains a high degree on the path of enlightenment.

  • Bố cáo

    Bố cáo

    Chinese: 布告

    An announcement.

    Tân Luật: Phần Thế Luật, Ðiều 7: Tám ngày trước Lễ Sính, chủ hôn trai phải dán bố cáo nơi Thánh Thất sở tại cho trong bổn đạo hay, sau khỏi điều trắc trở.

    New Canonical Codes: Secular Law, Article 7: 8 days before the wedding ceremony, the groom's father has to post an announcement at the local Holy House in case there are any problems.

  • Bố hóa

    Bố hóa

    Chinese: 布化

    To preach, to teach a doctrine.

    Thánh Ngôn Hiệp Tuyển: 
    Bố hóa người đời gây mối Ðạo.

    The Collection of Divine Messages: 
    Teaching human beings God's words.
  • Bố thí

    Bố thí

    Chinese: 布施


    Caodaist Act the Year of Tiger (1938): "The relief from Caodaist Philanthropic Body should be provided regardless of whether the victims are Caodaists or not. Whenever there are disasters, Caodaist philanthropists should not only provide relief but also comfort the victims."

  • Bố trí

    Bố trí

    Chinese: 布置

    To have a plan to do something.

    Thánh Ngôn Hiệp Tuyển: 
    Con hiểu Thần cư tại nhãn, bố trí cho chư Ðạo hữu con hiểu rõ.

    The Collection of Divine Messages: 
    Having understood that Spirit is located in human eyes, you should have a plan to clarify it to other Caodaists.
  • Bố tử

    Bố tử

    Chinese: 布子

    A round piece of cloth with an embroidered Divine Eye or the words "Ðại Ðạo Tam Kỳ Phổ Ðộ", which is attached to the formal vestments of senior dignitaries of the Caodaist Executive Body.

  • Bổ báo

    Bổ báo

    Chinese: 補報

    To bless, to grant favor.

    Niệm Hương:
    Đạo gốc bởi lòng thành tín hiệp,
    Lòng nương nhang khói tiếp truyền ra.
    Mùi hương lư ngọc bay xa,
    Kính thành cầu nguyện Tiên gia chứng lòng
    Xin Thần, Thánh ruổi dong cỡi hạc, 
    Xuống phàm trần vội gác xe Tiên.
    Ngày nay Đệ tử khẩn nguyền,
    Chín tầng Trời Đất thông truyền chứng tri. 
    Lòng sở vọng gắng ghi đảo cáo.
    Nhờ Ơn Trên bổ báo phước lành.

    Prayer via incense:
    Đạo originates in true belief and sincerity.
    By means of incense, human prayers are carried.
    Through the air, the fragrance from the jade censer permeates.
    I sincerely pray to gods that everyone will be saved.
    Oh, deities, who are traveling around currently,
    Please stop to listen to me.
    I am sincerely saying the prayer at the moment
    Through nine heavens for heavenly acknowledgement.
    I sincerely pray to heavenly beings
    And I pray for God's favor and blessing.
  • Bộ công

    Bộ công

    Chinese: 部功

    The register of merits.

    Caodaism maintains that, in the third Amnesty, God has made Phật Di-Lạc (Maitreya) the Chief Judge. As a result, Maitreya has a merit register for humans, which will determine their heavenly status.

    Kinh Tiểu Tường: 
    Bộ công Di Lạc Tam Kỳ độ sanh.

    Prayer for the Mid-Funeral: 
    Maitreya's merit register save human souls in the third Amnesty.
  • Bộ Nhạc

    Bộ Nhạc

    Chinese: 部樂

    Caodaist Department of Music.

    Nhạc Sĩ
    Bếp Nhạc
    Cai Nhạc
    Đội Nhạc
    Quản Nhạc
    Lãnh Nhạc
    Đề Nhạc
    Đốc Nhạc
    Nhạc Sư

    The Caodaist Central Conservatory was inaugurated on December 14th 1968 to train musicians for Caodaist Ceremonies as well as to conserve Vietnamese traditional music.

  • Bộ Pháp Chánh (Tòa Ðạo)

    Bộ Pháp Chánh (Tòa Ðạo)

    Chinese: 部法正

    Caodaist Deparment of Justice (also Caodaist Court)

    Caodaist Court was established under the Religious Act 1938 (the Year of Tiger) to deal with Caodaist law breakers. Then it was changed into the Department of Justice on November 27 1947. This Department is led by a Time Senior, Branch Pháp, the Caodai Judiciary Body.

    The Department of Justice have three main responsibilities:

    1. Protection of Caodaist Canonical Codes. 

    2. Establishment of Religious Courts to punish the followers or dignitaries who violate Caodaist Canonical Codes.

    3. Investigation of how well a dignitary has worked for his/her promotion.  

  • Bộ từ khí

    Bộ từ khí

    Chinese: 部瓷器

    Register of tools and equipment.

    Đạo Luật Mậu Dần (1938): 
    Mỗi Thánh Thất phải lập một cuốn Bộ từ khí biên các vật dụng của Ðạo.

    Caodaist Act the Year of Tiger (1938): 
    There has to be a register of tools and equipment in each Holy House. 
  • Bôn xu

    Bôn xu

    Chinese: 奔趨

    To pursue (fortune and power).

    Thuyết Đạo của Hộ Pháp: 
    Con người trên mặt thế đều bôn xu theo quyền lợi, chẳng kể gì nhơn nghĩa đạo đức.

    Sermon of Hộ Pháp: 
    Human beings all pursue fortune and power, ignoring the principles of ethics.
  • Bổn đạo

    Bổn đạo


    The congregation. 

    Tân Luật: 
    Bổn đạo trong Họ phải tuân mạng lịnh của Chức sắc làm đầu trong Họ.

    New Canonical Codes: 
    The congregation has to obey the leading dignitaries. 
  • Bổn hội

    Bổn hội

    Chinese: 本會

    The representatives of a congregation. 

    Thánh Ngôn Hiệp Tuyển: 
    Bổn hội nghe: Giữa chùa, gần hai trang thờ Quan Âm Bồ Tát và Quan Thánh Ðế Quân, phải lập một điện để Thánh Tượng Ta ở giữa. Bên mặt Ta để tượng Quan Âm, bên trái thì tượng Quan Ðế, còn chư Tiên, chư Thánh, chư Phật để hàng dưới. Xưng hiệu chùa là Ngọc Hoàng Tự.

    The Collection of Divine Messages: 
    Listen! Put my Holy Picture (the Divine Eye) on the middle altar. On the right is the statue of Guanyin, and on the left Guan Yu. The other Immortals, Saints and Budhhas are placed on the lower level. Name this pagoda The Jade Emperor Pagoda. 
  • Bổn nguyên

    Bổn nguyên

    Chinese: 本原

    The origin, the root, the nature.

    Thánh Ngôn Hiệp Tuyển: 
    Con hiểu bổn nguyên Bảo Sanh là bổn nguyên Thánh chất của Thầy.

    The Collection of Divine Messages: 
    Disciples, you have known life protection is My nature.
  • Bồng Dinh, Bồng Ðảo, Bồng Lai

    Bồng Dinh, Bồng Ðảo, Bồng Lai

    Chinese: 蓬瀛 - 蓬島 - 蓬萊

    Heaven, Paradise, Nirvana.

    Thánh Ngôn Hiệp Tuyển: 
    Lôi Âm tự toại, Bồng Dinh hưởng nhàn.

    The Collection of Divine Messages: 
    Having a satisfying life in Lôi Âm, and enjoying a pleasant life in Bồng Dinh. 
  • Bờ giác

    Bờ giác

    The riverbank of enlightenment.

    Buddhism considers human life a river of sorrow where people join a rat race without escaping. Buddhism provides them with prajna (wisdom) so that they can go to the bank, where they attain enlightenment. 

    Thánh Ngôn Hiệp Tuyển: 
    Bờ giác nương theo nguyệt rọi làu.

    The Collection of Divine Messages: 
    It is glorious to go to the bank of enlightenment that is shining like moonlight. 
  • Bợn sầu

    Bợn sầu

    Rubbish of sadness, sorrow, or pain.

    Thánh Ngôn Hiệp Tuyển: 
    Hứng giọt từ bi rửa bợn sầu.

    The Collection of Divine Messages: 
    Wash up the sorrow by Holy Water. 
  • Bút cơ

    Bút cơ

    Chinese: 筆機

    Spiritualist's pen (or tool). 

    The pen or some special tool used by a spiritualist to connect the supernatural world.

    Thánh Ngôn Hiệp Tuyển: 
    Các con đừng tưởng việc bút cơ là việc tầm thường.

    The Collection of Divine Messages: 
    Do not undervalue spiritualist's tools, disciples! 
  • Bường


    The term "Bình", which is intentionally mispronounced to rhyme with another term in a Vietnamese poem, meaning "peaceful".

    Thánh Ngôn Hiệp Tuyển: 
    Một kiếp muối dưa muôn kiếp hưởng,
    Ðôi năm mệt nhọc vạn năm bường.

    The Collection of Divine Messages: 
    A hard life for thousands of enjoyable lives.
    A couple of tiring years for thousands of peaceful lives. 
  • Bửu điện

    Bửu điện

    Chinese: 寶殿

    The main worshiping hall in a temple.

    In Tây Ninh Temple, the official seances are held in Cung Ðạo (the space right in front of the main altar).

    Thánh Ngôn Hiệp Tuyển: 
    Trước khi thủ cơ hay chấp bút thì phải thay y phục cho sạch sẽ, trang hoàng tắm gội cho tinh khiết, rồi mới đặng đến trước bửu điện mà hành sự. Chớ nên thiếu sót mà thất lễ.

    The Collection of Divine Messages: 
    Before a seance in the main hall, performers have to purify themselves by taking a bath and putting on clean clothes. Otherwise, their behaviors are considered impoliteness.
  • Bửu pháp (bảo pháp)

    Bửu pháp (bảo pháp)

    Chinese: 寶法

    Precious Dharma. The term can refer to the sacraments or the esoteric practice in Caodaism. 

    Thánh Ngôn Hiệp Tuyển: 
    "Lịch!.... Muốn trọn hai chữ Phổ Ðộ phải làm thế nào? Thầy hỏi? Phải bày bửu pháp chớ không đặng giấu nữa."

    The Collection of Divine Messages: 
    "Lịch, what will you do to complete the salvation of the whole world? Answer me! Listen! You have to reveal the Precious Dharma. Do not hide it anymore."

    Caodaist New Canonical Codes, Chapter II, Article 13: 

    The ordinary followers, who are vegetarian for at least 10 days a month, are taught the Precious Dharma, i.e. taught how to perform esotericism."

  • Bửu tháp

    Bửu tháp

    disOneRight ID000265.jpg Bửu tháp

    Chinese: 寶塔

    Precious Towers or Tomb Towers.

    They are tombs for Caodaist high-ranking dignitaries. Behind Caodai Temple is Quyền Giáo Tông Lê Văn Trung's Tomb Tower. In front of the Temple, near the main entrance are three other Tomb Towers of Hộ Pháp, Thượng Phẩm and Thượng Sanh.

  • Bửu tòa

    Bửu tòa

    Chinese: 寶座

    The precious lotus throne. The term refers to the throne of God.

    Thánh Ngôn Hiệp Tuyển : 
    Bửu tòa thơ thới trổ thêm hoa
    Mấy nhánh rồi sau cũng một nhà.

    The Collection of Divine Messages: 
    There are more flowers to My throne,
    Many branches will unite later though. 
  • Bửu tương

    Bửu tương

    Chinese: 寶漿

    Precious tea or wine, used in religious ceremonies.  

    Bài dâng trà:
    Mai xuân nguyệt cúc vị trà hương, 
    Kỉnh lễ thành tâm hiến bửu tương. 
    Ngưỡng vọng Từ Bi gia tế phước, 
    Khai minh Đại Đạo hộ thanh bường.

    Stanza for Tea Offering:
    This is the sweet-smelling tea
    I sincerely offer to God and all deities. 
    O my Lord, please, bless me more.
    I request a peaceful life and no more.